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Causes of Childhood Cancer
This page links to information about possible environmental causes of childhood cancer and organizations that attempt to study environmental causes. Note that leukemia causes is in a separate section, linked to at the right. (Some childhood cancers, such as Wilms tumor and retinoblastoma, have a strong hereditary predilection. Genetic causes of childhood cancer are not in the scope of the links on this page.)
National Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers 1/2002 Press Release on trends and causes. This link is now being maintained by the University of Bonn Medical Center. There is a long list of possible causes of childhood cancer in this article. (2017 update)
Children with Cancer
Causes of Childhood Leukemia
Bibliography (non-leukemia journal articles)
A record-based case-control study of natural background radiation and the incidence of childhood leukaemia and other cancers in Great Britain during 1980-2006. Kendall GM et al., Leukemia, epub 2012 Jun 5. Abstract. "There was 12% excess relative risk of childhood leukaemia per millisievert of cumulative red bone marrow dose from gamma radiation; the analogous association for radon was not significant . . . "
Radiation exposure from CT scans in childhood and subsequent risk of leukaemia and brain tumours: a retrospective cohort study. Pearce MS et al., Lancet, epub 2012 Jun 7. Abstract.
Reduced occurrence of childhood cancer in twins compared to singletons: Protection but by what mechanism? M.F.G. Murphy et al., Pediatric Blood & Cancer Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 62–65, July 2008. Abstract.
Pesticides, soft-tissue sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma - historical aspects on the precautionary principle in cancer prevention. Lennart Hardell. Acta Oncologica, Volume 47, Issue 3 2008, pages 347-354. Abstract.
Oil combustion and childhood cancers. Knox EG. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Sep;59(9):755-60. PubMed Abstract.
Childhood cancers and atmospheric carcinogens. Knox EG. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Feb;59(2):101-5. PubMed Abstract.
Exposure to power-frequency magnetic fields and the risk of childhood cancer. UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators. Lancet Volume 354 Issue 9194 Page 1925 1999. I have a pdf of this article.
Parental occupational exposures and risk of childhood cancer. Colt JS, Blair A. Environ Health Perspect 1998 Jun;106 Suppl 3:909-25. Full text is available.
Cancer in the offspring of radiation workers: a record linkage study. Draper GJ, Little MP, Sorahan T, Kinlen LJ, Bunch KJ, Conquest AJ, Kendall GM, Kneale GW, Lancashire RJ, Muirhead CR, O'Connor CM, Vincent TJ. BMJ 1997 Nov 8;315(7117):1181-8. PubMed abstract. Full Text article.
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may be linked to certain leukemias and lymphomas. This topic was discussed on the ped-onc email list in March 2001 (search the archives if you are a member); you can search MedLine for journal articles.
These pages are intended for informational purposes only and are not intended to render medical advice. The information provided on Ped Onc Resource Center should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. It is not a substitute for professional care. If you suspect your child has a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.
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